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Nephrology

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Department of Nephrology

The department of nephrology at AINU is supported by accomplished, experienced nephrologists who perform Kidney biopsy, SLED, Plasmapheresis, Hemodiafiltration. We perform Kidney transplants also. AINU offers Hemodialysis and Plasma Dialysis (Plasmapheresis). We have catheterization laboratories.

The key conditions in a patient with a nephro disorder are

It is also known as Chronic Renal Disease. This occurs over a period of month or years, with symptoms like feeling generally unwell, loss of appetite. People with high blood pressure, diabetes and a bloodline relative with CKD when screened may be found infected with this disease. CKD can be identified by a blood test for creatinine (a breakdown product of muscle metabolism). The higher the creatinine values, the lower glomerular filtration rate and as a result the capacity of the kidney reduces to filter the waste products. There are five stages in this disorder according to international standards, based on glomerular filtration rate and protein level in urine. Screening is important because treatments do exist, that delay CKD.

The important symptoms are:

  • Increased blood pressure due to overload of fluids.
  • Accumulation of urea in urine.
  • Potassium accumulates in blood resulting in hyperkalemia.
  • Erythropoietin synthesis decreases causing anemia.
  • Symptoms related to fluid overload may range from mild edema to pulmonary edema.