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Asian Institute of Nephorology & Urology

What is Andrology?

Andrology, derived from the Greek words ‘andros’ (man) and ‘logia’ (science/study), is the study of the male human body. It involves the anatomy, functions, and disorders of the male reproductive system, including infertility and impotence. The male reproductive system is not just responsible for sexual activity and the ability to bear children, but also serves as a conduit for urinary flow. Additionally, male hormones secreted by the testis impact the overall health and well-being of men.

The male reproductive system consists of several organs, including the testis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, urethra, and penis with cavernosal bodies. Hormonal control of the male reproductive system is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-testis axis. Andrology-related diseases have been on the rise, particularly due to early onset systemic diseases in young men and as a sequelae of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Andrologists, who are urologists or urosurgeons with specialized training in this field, manage these diseases in super specialty urology centers.

Andrology can be further divided into subfields such as infertility, uro-andrology, and men's health (systemic health). The field of andrology is essential in addressing male reproductive health issues, and the specialized care provided by andrologists plays a crucial role in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of these conditions.

Diseases/ Conditions that our expert Andrologist treat?

Andrologists specialize in diagnosing and treating a range of male reproductive and urinary system disorders. One of the most common issues that Andrologists deal with is male infertility. In nearly 50% of couples who are unable to conceive, the male partner is found to be contributing to infertility. Obstruction or blockage in the pathway through which sperms travel or deficient sperm production in the testis can be contributing factors. Andrologists can perform surgical or various andrology treatment to correct these conditions. Varicocele, a condition characterized by dilated veins in the scrotum, may also cause poor sperm production and can be surgically corrected. Find the best andrology treatment in India to treat these conditions.

Penile problems :Penile problems such as skin infections, sexual and erectile dysfunction, abnormal curvature, and cancers require the attention of Andrologists. Neglected issues like phimosis, an inability to retract the foreskin, may lead to more severe conditions like penile cancer. Abnormalities in sexual function such as premature ejaculation, painful erections, and loss of libido can also be treated by Andrologists.

Andrologists also diagnose and treat disorders related to the genitourinary system. Frequent urination, burning sensation while passing urine, incontinence, poor urinary stream, and pain in the lower abdomen can all indicate dysfunction in this system. Conditions like prostatitis, cystitis, urethritis, and prostate enlargement are the usual culprits. However, rare conditions like bladder pain syndromes and chronic pelvic pain syndromes may require specialized evaluation at the hands of a Uro-Andrologist. Advanced technologies such as urodynamic studies to assess and understand the issue at hand may be required.

In conclusion, Andrology is a specialized field that deals with male reproductive and urinary system disorders. Andrologists diagnose and treat a range of conditions such as infertility, penile problems, and genitourinary disorders. If you are experiencing any symptoms related to these conditions, it is essential to consult an Andrologist for proper evaluation and treatment.

When should you consider an appointment with Andrologist?

Andrologists are medical professionals who specialize in the study and treatment of male reproductive health issues. The treatments offered by Andrologists include medical and surgical options for a variety of andrology diseases.

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One of the conditions that Andrologists treat is erectile dysfunction. This can be caused by a number of factors, including psychological issues, underlying medical conditions, and lifestyle factors. Andrologists may prescribe medications such as tablets or injections, or recommend the use of vacuum erection devices. In cases where andrology treatment is ineffective, surgical options such as penile prosthesis may be considered.

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Male infertility is another condition that Andrologists can help with. A detailed evaluation of sexual behaviour and the male reproductive system is necessary to understand the underlying causes of infertility. An andrology doctor has the expertise to identify and treat issues that are correctable through medication or reversible through surgery. Consult the best andrologist in India for effective treatment.

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Varicocele is a condition that results from the dilation of venous blood vessels in the scrotum. This can lead to reduced testicular function, infertility, and in some cases, chronic pain. Surgical correction of varicocele can improve sperm quality and increase the chances of spontaneous conception in infertile couples. The best andrologists perform this surgery under magnification to avoid damage to important structures supplying the testis.

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Hydrocele is the accumulation of fluid within the layers of the testis walls. It can be present since birth or may arise later in life. Treatment is by surgically draining the fluid and repairing the testis layers in a way that prevents recurrence. In rare cases, hydrocele may be associated with cancer of the testis, and Andrologists will need to rule this out. Balanitis is inflammation of the tip of the penis and foreskin. It is usually caused by bacterial or fungal infections and arises due to poor hygiene. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and antifungal medications if necessary. If the condition becomes recurrent, circumcision may be necessary.

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Testicular torsion occurs when the testis twists within the scrotum, compromising blood supply. This is a surgical emergency and requires immediate surgical correction. If left untreated, the testis may become non-salvageable, impacting overall fertility potential.

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Premature ejaculation is a common sexual dysfunction perceived and complained about to Andrologists. Treatment options include identifying underlying causes through a detailed history and physical examination, patient counseling/education, behavior therapy, and medication. With proper treatment, true premature ejaculation can be treated effectively.

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Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland, which can range from a severe acute infection requiring hospital admission to a chronic version that causes continuous nagging symptoms. Symptoms include pain while passing urine, pain deep inside the pelvis, overactive bladder symptoms (inability to hold urine for long, increased urinary frequency), burning micturition, fever, and in some cases, blood in urine and semen. Depending on severity, treatment may include IV antibiotics, long-term oral antibiotics, and pain medications that modulate sensitivity of pain transmitting nerves. The latest modalities such as Low-Intensity Shock Wave Therapy (LiSWT) are now being incorporated into standard medical guidelines for the treatment of CPPS.

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In cases where couples face issues with marital problems, sexual education, or non-consummated marriages, a team of experts including a fertility specialist, psychiatrist, psychologist, and an Andrologist can play an integral role in providing effective couple counselling. The Andrologist can help to identify and address any underlying medical or physical factors that may be contributing to the couple's difficulties, such as male infertility or sexual dysfunction. With a holistic approach, the team can work together to provide the support and guidance needed to help couples overcome their challenges and improve their overall relationship and quality of life.

Signs and Symptoms to consult an Andrology specialist

related to their reproductive and urinary health. One common reason to visit an Andrologist is the inability to conceive and suspected male infertility. Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, also known as erectile dysfunction (ED), is another concerning symptom that warrants consultation. Other sexual problems such as premature ejaculation, loss of libido, anejaculation/anorgasmia (inability to ejaculate or achieve orgasm) should not be ignored. Blood in semen/ejaculation, penile curvature (chordee), and painful erections are also reasons to seek an Andrologist's evaluation. Infections such as sexually transmitted infections, balanitis/balanoposthitis (swelling and pain on penis tip and foreskin), phimosis (inability to retract foreskin), and pain while passing urine should not be ignored. Additionally, pain after ejaculating, poor urine stream, increased frequency of urine, urinary incontinence after surgery for prostate cancer/prostate enlargement, and swelling or pain in the testis or around the groin region are also concerning symptoms. Any skin lesions/warts over the genital region should be promptly checked by an Andrologist. In summary, if you experience any of these signs or symptoms, seeking the advice of an Andrologist can help diagnose and treat any underlying conditions. So, consult the best andrologist and resolve your health problems today.

Meet Our Team of Expert Andrologists

The team of Andrologists at the Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology is a group of highly qualified and experienced professionals. With their vast experience and expertise, they are adept at diagnosing and treating a wide range of male reproductive health issues. The team has extensive knowledge and training in the latest techniques and technologies to address problems related to Andrology. Any andrology doctor They provide comprehensive care and support to patients, from initial evaluation to diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. With their patient-centered approach and commitment to excellence, the team of Andrologists at the Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology is dedicated to providing the best possible outcomes for their patients. You can consult the best andrologist in India, here at AINU.