Department of Radiology/ Uroradiology
Radiology is the branch of science which is concerned with the application of radiation and imaging techniques for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. The use of radiology techniques in the field of nephrology or urology is regarded as Uro-radiology. The doctor or person who specializes in the radiology is known as the radiologist and the person who specializes in uroradiology is regarded as uro-radiologist.
The Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology (AINU), situated in Hyderabad, India, is a premier institute for Nephrology and Urology with a world-class infrastructure, advanced technology and distinguished team of expert doctors, nurses, paramedical and support staff.
The Institute has a well-established Radiology Department which is fully fledged with facilities like X-ray, CT scan, Ultrasonography, Uroflowmetry and Cystometry. The Institute offers a comprehensive state-of-the-art diagnostic uro-radiology and image-guided interventional services which are handled by the expert team of radiologists/ uro-radiologists. Whether there is an emergency or just a routine diagnostics, the department offers services round-the-clock.
Ultra-sonography more commonly referred as medical ultrasound is an imaging technique which employs the use of ultrasound waves (sound waves of frequency higher than the audible range of humans) to visualize the internal organs of the patient’s body. In this technique, the ultrasound waves are sent to the internal organs and the reflected waves are recorded to generate real-time images of the internal body parts.
The technique can be used for both diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. The most popular diagnostic application of ultrasonography is the evaluation of the fetal development in a pregnant women. It can be used to visualise anomalies in the liver, kidneys, urinary bladder, tendons and other parts of the body. For therapeutic applications, the technique could be used to guide catheter based (interventional) surgical procedures.
Uroflowmetry is a diagnostic technique which uses a device called uroflowmeter to measure the flow parameters of urine including the rate of flow and duration of the flow during urination.
The technique could be used for the diagnosis of various urinary disorders related to the flow of urine. It can be used to check if the sphincter muscle, urinary bladder and the urinary tract are working properly, or to estimate any kind of obstruction in the urinary tract which could be an indication of cancer, urinary blockage or other related disorders.
Cystometry also known as flow cystometry is a diagnostic procedure which is usually followed by uroflowmetry. After emptying the urinary bladder a narrow tube called catheter is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. Then sterile water, contrast dye or a gas is instilled into the catheter to fill the bladder. A device called cystometer is then used to measure the pressure which could be held by the patient’s bladder.
The procedure can be used to know how much pressure a patient’s bladder could hold, to diagnose the reason of residual urine in the bladder or to help the urologist to plan the treatment procedure for a patient’s urinary disorders.