Smoking or chewing tobacco, longstanding uncontrolled blood pressure, obesity and familial syndromes
Blood in the urine, loin pain, loin mass and unexplained weight loss
Robotic Partial Nephrectomy: Removal of small to moderately large tumors without harming the healthy part of the kidney. Intra-operative ultrasound is helpful in detecting the tumor-kidney parenchyma transition. It ensures clear surgical margins and at the same time reduces damage of rest of the kidney. Surgical robot has added advantage of freedom of instruments movement and 3-D vision which allows Urologist to perform surgery with high precision and reduces blood loss and collateral damage.
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy: Removal of cancer affected kidney for very large, infiltrative tumors
Advanced kidney cancer (Metastatic) - to be treated by combination of immunotherapy and Targeted therapy, which has relatively fewer side effects and good survival outcomes