The prostate is a small gland, about the size of a walnut, just below the bladder in Men. It produces a thick, white fluid which mixes with sperm to make semen.
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a tumor.
Researchers do not know exactly what causes prostate cancer. But they have found some risk factors like change in the DNA, Inflammation of the Prostate Gland, Exposure to radiation etc.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in Indian men. Your risk of developing Prostate Cancer increases with :
- Age above 60 years.
- Father/Brother with history of Prostate Cancer. Mother/ Sister with history of Ovarian/Breast whom Cancer.
Most prostate cancers are found early, through screening. Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. More advanced prostate cancers can sometimes cause symptoms, such as:
- Problems urinating, including a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more often, especially at night
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Erectile dysfunction
- Pain in the hips, back (spine), chest (ribs), or other areas of cancer that has spread to bones
- Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet, or even loss of bladder or bowel control for cancer pressing on the spinal cord.
The first decision to be made in managing prostate cancer is whether treatment is needed. Prostate cancer, especially low-grade forms found in elderly men, often grows so slowly that no treatment is required. Treatment may also be inappropriate if a person has other serious health problems or is not expected to live long enough for symptoms to appear. The various forms of treatments include :
- Watchful waiting or active surveillance
- Radiation therapy and radiopharmaceutical therapy
- Hormone therapy
- Biologic therapy
- Bisphosphonate therapy
Men who are at risk of developing Prostate Cancer are recommended to get a PSA test done once/year.
- PSA levels under 4 ng/ml of blood is considered normal.
- PSA level between 4 and indicates a 1 in 4 chance of having prostate cancer.
- PSA level of more than 10 indicates more than 50% chance of having prostate cancer.
If the PSA is high, doctors recommend other tests like Prostate Biopsy to confirm the Diagnosis. Early the Diagnosis, better the Prognosis, Prostate cancer is a treatable condition, which can be diagnosed with screening of PSA levels. Get your prostate health checked today.
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