There are several treatments for kidney failure, but the type of treatment needed will vary depending on the reason for your kidney failure. Your doctor can help you determine the best treatment option, which may include:
Dialysis filters and purifies the blood using a machine. It performs the function of the kidneys. Depending on the type of dialysis, you may be connected to a large machine or a portable catheter bag. A low-potassium, low-salt diet is often prescribed along with dialysis. Dialysis doesn’t cure kidney failure, but it will extend your life if you go to regularly scheduled treatments.
Another treatment option is a kidney transplant, but there’s usually a long wait to receive a donor kidney that’s compatible with your body. The advantages to a transplant are that the new kidney can work perfectly, and dialysis is no longer required. The disadvantage is that immunosuppressive drugs must be taken after the surgery. These drugs have their own side effects, some of which are serious. Also, transplant surgery may fail and may even be life-threatening.
• weight loss
• generalized, persistent itchy skin
• muscle twitching or cramping
• a yellowish-brown tint to the skin
• urine that is cloudy or tea-colored
Kidney disease usually does not cause pain, but in some cases pain may occur. A kidney stone in the ureter (a tube leading from the kidney to the bladder) can cause severe cramping pain that spreads from the lower back into the groin. The pain disappears once the stone has moved through the ureter.