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    • 04 FEB 20
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    Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic kidney disease indicates the gradual loss of kidney function. Primary function of kidneys is to filter wastes and excess fluids from the blood. When chronic kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes can build up in your body.

    In the early stages of CKD, very few symptoms manifest themselves. Chronic kidney disease may not become apparent until your kidney function is significantly impaired.

    Treatment for CKD focuses on slowing the progression of the kidney damage, by keeping the underlying cause in control. CKD can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which can be fatal without a kidney transplant or dialysis.

    Causes of CKD
    • Diabetes
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Having a family member with kidney disease
    Stages of Chronic kidney disease

    There are five stages of CKD. This stage depends on the function of the kidney and how it filters waste and extra fluid out of the blood.

    Chronic kidney disease is measured in GFR(Glomerular filtration rate) specifically, it tells the quantity blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. Glomeruli in kidney filter waste from the blood.

    Stage Kidney Function GFR
    Stage 1 Normal kidney function 90 or higher
    Stage 2 Mild loss of kidney function 89 to 60
    Stage 3a Mild to moderate kidney function 59 to 45
    Stage 3b Moderate to severe kidney function 44 to 30
    Stage 4 Severe of kidney function 29 to 15
    Stage 5 Kidney failure Less than 15

    Best Centre for Robotic surgery and Uro Oncology
    AINU : Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology

    Address : 6-3-562/A, Irram Manzil Colony, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, Telangana 500082
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    Visakhapatnam | +91 89 1676 3333 | patientcare.vizag@ainuindia.com
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