Chronic kidney disease indicates the gradual loss of kidney function. Primary function of kidneys is to filter wastes and excess fluids from the blood. When chronic kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes can build up in your body.
In the early stages of CKD, very few symptoms manifest themselves. Chronic kidney disease may not become apparent until your kidney function is significantly impaired.
Treatment for CKD focuses on slowing the progression of the kidney damage, by keeping the underlying cause in control. CKD can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which can be fatal without a kidney transplant or dialysis.
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Having a family member with kidney disease
There are five stages of CKD. This stage depends on the function of the kidney and how it filters waste and extra fluid out of the blood.
Chronic kidney disease is measured in GFR(Glomerular filtration rate) specifically, it tells the quantity blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. Glomeruli in kidney filter waste from the blood.
|Stage 1||Normal kidney function||90 or higher|
|Stage 2||Mild loss of kidney function||89 to 60|
|Stage 3a||Mild to moderate kidney function||59 to 45|
|Stage 3b||Moderate to severe kidney function||44 to 30|
|Stage 4||Severe of kidney function||29 to 15|
|Stage 5||Kidney failure||Less than 15|
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